Definition of hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation is classified as a medical condition where one’s skin gets excessively dark. The area of the skin that gets affected can be either small or large. In certain cases, the entire body can be affected by the condition.
The condition is not harmful in the vast majority of the cases. However, it might indicate another medical problem. In any case, if you suspect you may be suffering from this condition, a medical check-up is recommended to rule out any serious threats and get an accurate diagnosis.
Causes of hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation can have multiple causes, such as:
– Hormonal changes
– Trauma to the skin
– Overexposure to the sun
– Hormone treatments
Most commonly affected areas of the body
Hyperpigmentation tends to affect the hands and the face most commonly, but any part of the skin can be affected by it.
Most commonly affected individuals
People with Asian and African American skin tones have a higher risk of being affected by this condition than others.
Hyperpigmentation can be effectively prevented by the following methods:
– Wearing sunscreen (at least SPF 15). This is especially important if you’re living in sunny environments. Wearing sunscreen is a good idea during the day, even when you’re not sunbathing. Aside from that, you should be aiming to avoid being overly exposed to the sun.
– Exfoliating regularly. This is especially important if you are older or if you have a sensitive skin type. You should be doing this at least a couple times per week to give an approximate measure.
Can hyperpigmentation be cured?
At the current time, there is no known cure for hyperpigmentation. However, there are ways to treat this condition by lessening the severity of its appearance.
How To Get Rid Of Hyperpigmentation
Getting rid of hyperpigmentation is most commonly done by using skin lightening creams, but there are also some other natural remedies that you might want to try.
Lemons are a great natural source of citric acid because they tend to bleach the skin. Furthermore, they are inexpensive and easily obtainable, and a very common thing to be found in nearly household.
The treatment is rather straightforward. First, you should extract the lemon juice and rub it on a cotton ball. Then, use the cotton ball to apply it to the skin. You should leave it on for at least 10 to 15 minutes, then rinse away with water. It’s important to rigidly stick to this routine for at least a couple of months and do it twice a day.
Apple cider vinegar
That’s another commonly-found household item that could help you. It’s important to mix it 50-50 with water before applying to the skin. After 2 or 3 minutes, wash it off, then repeat the method twice a day for the next couple of months.
Skin lightening creams
There are many skin lightening creams available, and all of them contain an active ingredient that tends to lessen the amount of melanin wherever it’s applied. They are also suitable for treating other similar skin conditions like age spots or freckles.
Because skin lightening does bear some risks, it’s important to choose a quality manufacturer and strictly follow the directions before use.