Rosacea – Causes, Treatments And Triggers

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Rosacea

Introduction

Rosacea is a form of skin disorder that is characterized by facial redness. Though the disease is more common among the light- skinned, the population is also increasing in Asia, including Middle- East, South Asia and China. Rosacea is mistaken for other skins conditions such as Acne, or a simple allergic reaction.

Signs & Symptoms

The disease has several signs and symptoms. These include the followingRosacea

Facial Redness-

This is the most common. It causes persistent redness in te central part of the face. Redness caused by the dilation of tiny blood vessels found close to the skin. The redness may, however, disappear after some time. The redness affects cheeks, nose, and chin. It may, however, spread to other parts of the body.

Swollen red bumps-

Individuals suffering from Rosacea may develop pimples on their faces. These pimples resemble Acne.

Increased Skin-Sensitivity-

Due to the dilation of blood vessels causes them to be extremely sensitive to touch or any other stimuli such as sunlight.

Flushing-

This is usually considered to be the first sign of Rosacea. The skin feels unpleasantly hot.

Facial swelling-

The excess fluids and proteins leaked from the dilated blood vessels build up on the face thus causing swelling.

Eye problems-

A condition known as Oscular Rosacea. There is a burning sensation in one’s eyes. In some cases, it can cause blurred vision.

Causes

Though the real cause of Rosacea is unknown, researchers speculate that it might be due to a combination of hereditary and environmental factors.

Other factors include;

Skin color-

Individuals with light- skins are considered more susceptible to the disease.

  1. pylori bacteria-

This is a bacteria found in the gut. It stimulates the production of the protein bradykinin, which causes dilation of blood vessels.

Genetic factor-

Some patients with this condition are related to someone with the same condition. This is however not proven.

Abnormalities in blood vessels-

This is said to cause visible blood vessel, persistent redness, and flushing.

Triggers-

These can increase the condition by increasing the flow of blood to the skin surface. They include:

Sunlight – Stress, anxiety, anger, Chronic medical condition e.g. hypertension -Temperature extremes, Alcohol among others.

Treatment

Rosacea can be treated by use of the following methods.

Medication to reduce redness-

A patient can use prescribed medicine to reduce the redness. The drugs work by constricting the blood vessels. The drug’s effects are only temporary and therefore need to be regularly used. Such drugs include brimonidine, azelaic acid, and metronidazole.

Antibiotics-

They help fight some of the bacteria. They help reduce inflammation.

Natural means-

This involves practices such as healthy eating habits and avoiding any stimulants. An individual can eat organic vegetables and fruits. These contain anti- inflammatory compounds, vitamins, and minerals that help build a healthy skin. Though there is no established cure for Rosacea, with proper medication, people can their symptoms and prevent them from growing worse. For individuals who are already affected, they might feel embarrassed and thus withdrawn. They should talk to a professional counselor for help.

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